There is not a particular and specific way to compose a resume: matter of fact, there are too many. A resume has to be functional; therefore whatever helps a candidate build an appealing, interesting resume will do.
Of course, there are specific characteristics on a resume: Its usual size format is A4 and it is considered appropriate to have a resume that is 1 or 2-page long, since 3-page resumes can be looked upon as non-practical and boring.
There are three general types of resumes that can help you as a basis when building your own, they are:
This type of Resume particularly emphasizes what the employer is looking for, that is: Specific skills and knowledge, a specific work experience that makes a candidate more suitable for the job than others. In other words: a functional resume is a problem-solving resume that has to show why the job should be yours clearly.
This type of resume suits whoever is changing career well, since specific abilities are highlighted rather than years of experience listed. It also suits a candidate who meets very specific requirements for a position because it does not emphasizes on the time you have worked but on the particular professional skills you possess.
In short, a Functional Resume focus on what you know, your skills and your experience.
The Chronological Resume, also known as Reverse Chronological Resume, focuses on the experience a candidate has to the extent of listing it all in chronological order. An important feature of this type of resume is that the chronological order must be inverse, in order to let the employer understand your background and current experience better.
A chronological resume can dig deep into your work experience gathering information from the last 10 years and as a matter of fact, in most cases, it is not convenient to use this format since it is not very practical. Most of the times candidates that use this format do it because they need to show their experience in detail or sometimes, simply, because they are not experienced in composing resumes.
Of course, this type of resume can be very solid.
As inferred by its name, this resume combines both aforementioned types of resumes (chronological and functional). The highlight of this resume is that you get the chance to, firstly, list your skills and experience to let the employer know how well you meet the requirements he/she expects you to meet and, secondly, to carefully list your job history.